ABOUT CAMBODIA
 
 
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT CAMBODIA
 
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Tourism is one of the main industries in the Kingdom of Cambodia and strong efforts are being made to promote the country as a unique destination, rich in diversity with a fascinating cultural heritage.

Since the last national election, a new era of peace and political stability has taking root in the country. Opportunities are now available to discover the deepest heart of the Kingdom, travelling in little known areas and understanding more about the Angkor civilization.

Undoubtedly Cambodia's main attractions are the magnificent Angkor temples, both in scale and beauty, but there is much more on offer than its famous cultural sites. As well as the impressive grandeur of the ancient capital, Cambodia has beauty scattered into thousand facets through the Kingdom. Visitors can cruise down the Mekong and tributary rivers, go trekking in remote areas and relax on deserted beaches.

Thanks to the improvement of the roads and the open sky policy which facilitate the access to the country (direct flights connecting Siem Reap to Bangkok, Hanoi, Pakse, Singapore, Vientiane, Danang, Chengdu, Kuala Lumpur, Taipei and Ho Chi Minh City operated by Bangkok Airways, Silk Air, Lao Aviation, Malaysia Airlines, China Southern Airlines, President Airlines and Vietnam Airlines). Other routes are under negotiation.

The International Airport of Phnom Penh (totally renovated in 2003) as well as the one in Siem Reap receive passengers from all capital cities of South-East Asia. Airlines currently serving Phnom Penh are Dragonair, Lao Aviation, Bangkok Airways, Malaysia Airlines, Silk Air, Thai Airways International, Vietnam Airlines, Siem Reap Airways, China Southern Airlines, First Cambodia and Eva Air.

Land entry points, from Thailand, Laos and Vietnam, allow visitors to combine the countries in the region have a very unique travel experience. There are more possibilities now with the better roads in Cambodia.

Visas are available upon arrival at Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport, Poi Pet (border to Aranyaprathet, Thailand), Koh Kong (border to Hat Lek, Thailand, Kham Samnor (border to Chau Doc, Vietnam) and Bavet (Border to Moc Bai, Vietnam). Visas are required prior to arrival at the border at Voeun Kam (border to Laos).

The accommodation choice is expanding very quickly in Siem Reap with a choice from standard hotels to deluxe. Standard hotels are now available in almost all regions recently opened to tourism. Traveling through Cambodia has become a safe and very special experience, providing a wide spectrum of different destinations to satisfy all visitors. 

Cambodia Overview
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When you're in a new country it's important to orientate yourself towards the society in order to obtain the best results possible from your travels. Fast facts and information are therefore invaluable.

Cabodia Information 
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Cambodia's modern-day culture has its roots in the 1st to 6th centuries in a state referred to as Funan, know as the oldest Indianised state in Southeast Asia. It is from this period that evolved Cambodia's language, part of the Mon-khmer family, which contains elements of Sanskrit, its ancient religion of Hinduism and Buddhism. Historians have noted, for example, that Cambodians can be distinguished from their neighbours by their clothing - checkered scarves known as karmas are worn instead of straw hats.

Funan gave way to the Angkor Empire with the rise to power of King Jayavarman II in 802. The following 600 years saw powerful Khmer kings dominate much of present-day Southeast Asia, from the borders of Myanmar east to the South China Sea and north to Laos

It was during this period that the Khmer kings built the most extensive concentration of religious temples in the world - the Angkor temple complex. This complex covers an area of 400 square kilometers in the province of Siem Reap. The area contains more that 100 temples and more than 1080 temples across the country. The most successful of the Angkor's kings, Jayavarman II and Jayavarman I, Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII, also devised a masterpiece of ancient engineering: a sophisticated irrigation system that includes barays (gigantic man-made lakes) and canals that ensured as many as three rice crops a year. Part of this system is still in use today.

As the Angkor period ended, Cambodia's capital moved south to Longvek, then to Oudong, and finally to the present-day capital pf Phnom Penh. Among the main features of the post-Angkorean era, besides the movement of the capital, was a widespread conversion to Theravada Buddhism, illustrated on temple carvings, where Buddhist features gradually replaced Hindu features. 

The 15th to 17th centuries represented a time of foreign influence, when expansionist Siam and Vietnam fought over Cambodia.

By the mid-1800s, Cambodia, like most other countries in Asia, came under increasing pressure from European colonial powers. In 1863, King Norodom signed a Protectorate Treaty with France.

In 1945, the Japanese briefly ousted the Frence. Encouraged, King Sihanouk campaigned tirelessly and in 1953 he succeeded in winning independence for Cambodia, effectively ending 90 years under French protectorate. King Sihanouk abdicated the throne to his father and took the reins of government himself as head of state.

Throughout the 1950s and 60s Cambodia was self-sufficient and prospered in many areas. However, the quagmire of growing war in Vietnam spread relentlessly, and in 1970, as war spilled over into Cambodia, Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by General Lon Nol.

On 17 April 1975, Lon Nol's weak-ended government was itself overthrown by the Khmer Rouge. They immediately emptied the capital of its residents and brought Prince Sihanouk back, only to hold him under house arrest. The ensuing four years "Reign of terror" under Pol Pot's democratic Kampuchea resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1.7 milliion people.

In 1979, the Khmer Rouge was overthrown and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea was established. In 1989 the Vietnamese withdrew the last of their troops and the government renamed the country State of Cambodia. The SOC ruled independently until the Paris Peace Agreement of 1991 created the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC). Supported by the presence of some 22000 UN troops, UNTAC in May 1993 supervised general eletions in Cambodia. A second general election was held in 1998.

 

Cambodia History
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HOW TO OBTAIN A VISA TO CAMBODIA
Always make sure that your visa to enter Cambodia is in order as you may be refused entry without one at smaller borders where they are not issued.
Cambodia Border Crossings

Airport

1. Phnom Penh International Airport (Pochentong Airport)
2. Siem Reap International Airport (Angkor Wat Region)

Overland

1. Poipet (border with Thailand)*
2. Bavet (border with Vietnam)*
3. Khorm Samnor (border with Vietnam)*
4. Veng Kham (border with Lao)
5. Osmach (border with Thailand)*
6. Koh Kong (border with Thailand)*
*Indicates that visa-upon-arrival facilities are available. However, if travelling overland, Indochina Services recommends obtaining visas in advance from the Embassy.

Visa upon Arrival - Just prepare the following documents:

1. A Passport Photocopy
2. Visa Application Form
3. Passport-size photograph (x1) - (3 x 4 cm.)
4. Valid Passport

5. USD 20 Cash for tourist visa fee (Paid directly to the Immigration Office - Subject to change)

Procedure

Hand over the password, application form and visa fee to the visa counter upon arrival.

Processing

Time Approximately 20 - 60 minutes; processing times may vary.

Other

1. Single entry tourist visa valid 4 weeks
2. Visa stamp requires one full page

3. No prior registration or approval from authorities necessary

E-VISA

You can apply for an e-visa at this link (Official Link of Cambodia Ministry of Foreign Affairs) http://www.mfaic.gov.kh/evisa/

Visa Extension

Travelers who would like to prolong their stay in Cambodia may extend their Visa at the Department of Immigration situated just opposite the Pochentong Airport.

The visa may be extended for 30 days at the cost of USD 25. If you expect to stay more than a month, better get a Business visa at one shot for USD 25 with three months validity.

 
Cambodia Visa
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Cambodia Fact

Cambodia Fact
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Cambodia Attractions

Cambodia Attractions
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Cambodia's people must be some of the most resilient on the earth. Having experienced tortuous war years, poverty and horror, they still are courteous, friendly and welcoming. You will love the constant array of smiling gentle faces and the best compliment to pay your hosts is to remain cool tempered, calm and ready for a laugh.

Language

Cambodia's official language is Khmer, and this is spoken by the majority of the population. However, Vietnamese and several Chinese dialects can also be heard. Unlike the languages of Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and China, Khmer is non-tonal and has also picked up and adapted many words from Sanskrit and Pali.

Khmer has also borrowed many terms from Chinese and European languages, particularly French.

The roots of written Khmer derive from a South Indian alphabet. It uses thirty-three consonants, twenty-four dependent vowels, twelve independent vowels, and diacritic markers. Vowels may be written before, after, over, or under a consonant symbol. 50% of the population is literate. 

Population and People

Cambodia's population stands at 12 million, of which the Khmer make up 90%. Other groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Thai and Burmese and various ethnic hill tribes, many of the latter living in the mountainous regions to the north and southwest.

The Khmer account for 80 percent of agricultural workers, while the Vietnamese and Chinese dominate the business sector. 

Religion

The state religion of Theravada Buddhism was first introduced to Cambodia during the days of the great Angkor kingdom and prospered. For centuries, monks were the only literate people residing in rural communities, and filled the important role of teachers.

However, in 1975, the Khmer Rouge massacred the majority of them and destroyed most of their temples and it was not until after the Vietnamese invasion that Buddhism was once again openly practiced. 

 
 
Cambodia People & Culture
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Cambodia Transportations

Cambodia Transportations
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Cambodia Airports

 

 

Cambodia Airports
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Cambodia Weather

Cambodia Weather
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Cambodia Events & Festivals

Cambodia Events & Festivals